The jaguar (Panthera onca) is threatened by habitat loss, which is linked with deforestation. It is also a victim of local livestock farmers who, in order to protect their herds, will not hesitate to shoot jaguars as they are seen as a threat.

Endangered species

Today, the jaguar population is declining, and many subpopulations are isolated from one another. The region of the Iguaçu National Park in Brazil and Argentina is an important conservation area for this species. It is estimated that about 90 jaguars currently survive in an area of more than one million hectares of subtropical forest. The conservation of this subpopulation is therefore essential for the survival of the species in the Brazilian Atlantic tropical forest, a highly threatened South American ecosystem.

Conservation actions

The 'Jaguar of Iguaçu' project plans to equip several adult jaguars with GPS collars. This will allow light to be shed on the movements of these individuals and their use of the habitat, enabling the vital territory of the species to be deduced.

A study on the food ecology of jaguars is underway to know more about their dietary habits through analysis of faeces and remains, as well as the availability of their prey by using camera traps.

The project is also conducting a study on the impact of ecotourism on the species as well as an educational program to change the attitudes of the local population concerning large predators (jaguars, pumas) in order to improve human-animal cohabitation.

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